:::

楊宗翰

Dynamic Trade, Education and Intergenerational Inequality (forthcoming in Journal of International Economics)

I present a dynamic trade model spanning 40 countries to explore the transitional paths of trade-induced inequality. By incorporating capital-skill complementarity, human capital accumulation, and capital accumulation, this paper examines the exact transitional path following a shift from autarky to trade. It reveals that trade increases the skill premium, skill share, and real wages for both skilled and unskilled workers in the majority of countries at the steady state. However, the short-term impact of trade on inequality is more pronounced. The exact transitional path indicates that the dynamic of trade-induced inequality is influenced by the flexibility in adjusting factor supplies during the transition at different stages, and education alleviates approximately 50% of trade-induced inequality in the long run. Furthermore, the analysis illuminates the observed patterns of skill premium in recent trade liberalization episodes in Mexico, China, and South Korea, and raises the possibility that globalization may intensify intergenerational inequality.

 

 

文章全文連結(另開新視窗)