【Macro/Finance Webinar】International Lending in War and Peace, 1790-2020

  • 研討會日期 : 2024-03-08
  • 時間 : 16:00
  • 主講人 : Professor Christoph Trebesch
  • 地點 : online
  • 演講者簡介 : Professor Christoph Trebesch received his PhD from Free University Berlin in 2011. He is currrently a Professor at the Kiel University. His research interests are International Finance and International Macroeconomics, Political Economy.
  • 演講摘要 : This paper examines the behavior of international capital flows over 200 years, contrasting private and official (government-to-government) lending. We compile a novel dataset covering 1.8 million cross-border loans, grants and guarantees issued by foreign governments and multilateral organizations since 1790. Based on this comprehensive data, we show that official lending is the "unsung hero" of the global financial system. Official lending flows have a long history, are much larger than previousty known, and are markedly countercyclical, with pronounced lending spikes during major crises such as World War I, World War Il, or the 2008 crash. in contrast, private cross-border flows quickly dry up in emergency situations, just when they are needed most. Time and again, it has been official rather than private cross-border lending that has helped avert financial collapse or military defeat. To explain the direction and magnitude of official lending flows across space and time we test an augmented gravity model. Wartime official lending is greatest between governments that are military allies, while peacetime lending is greatest during financial crises and in particular between countries with close economic ties. In case of future geopolitical and financial turmoil, one can expect state-led capital flows to again take over the leading role in the international monetary order.