【AEW webinar】Transhumant Pastoralism, Climate Change, and Conflict in Africa & Sweet Unbinding: Sugarcane Cultivation and the Demise of Foot-binding

  • 研討會日期 : 2022-02-17
  • 時間 : 08:30
  • 主講人 : Professor Nathan Nunn & Elliott Fan
  • 地點 : Register and join online
  • 演講者簡介 : Professor Nunn received his Ph.D. in Economics from University of Toronto in 2005. He is the Frederic E. Abbe Professor of Economics at Harvard University. His primary research interests are in political economy, economic history, economic development, cultural economics, and international trade. Professor Fan received his Ph.D. in Economics from University of Toronto in 2006. He is currently a Professor at National Taiwan University. His research interests are historical economics, gender, education, and health.
  • 演講摘要 : We analyze the economic motives for the sudden demise in foot-binding, a self-harming custom widely practiced by Chinese females for centuries. We use newly-discovered Taiwanese data to estimate the extent to which females unbound their feet in response to the rapid growth in sugarcane cultivation in the early 20th century, growth which significantly boosted the demand for female labor. We find that cane cultivation significantly induced unbinding, with the IV estimations utilizing cane railroads – lines built exclusively for cane transportation – support a causal interpretation of the estimated effect. This finding implies that increased female employment opportunities can help eliminate norms that are harmful for females. Further analysis suggests that the need for human capital improvement was more likely to have driven the effects of cane cultivation, rather than the increased intra-household bargaining power for females. TOP