Agglomeration of Spatial Clubs

  • 研討會日期 : 2003-01-14
  • 時間 : 14:00
  • 主講人 : Prof. Oded Hochman
  • 地點 : B棟110室
  • 演講者簡介 : Prof. Oded Hochman為Ph.D. in Economics,Tel-Aviv University (1974)。 現為 Professor,Department of Economics,Ben Gurion University。 其主要研究領域為Urban and Environmental Economics, Public Economics, Industrial Organization and Economic Growth。
  • 演講摘要 : The literature on agglomeration has focused largely on direct attraction effects, that is, entities, usually firms, drawn to one another to enhance the output of their activity. In this paper we use an analytical model with general functions to investigate the joint agglomeration of clubs and population arising from their mutual attraction. We show that when the population is uniformly distributed, there is no economic agglomeration of clubs, however, in a first best allocation of spatial clubs, the population is never distributed uniformly over space. To minimize costs, clubs of different types along with population agglomerate in and around centers. We specify conditions for which the case of a monocentric city, an agglomeration of all club types to a single point, is a unique solution. We also investigate models that yield a solution of multiple centers per complex and show that in addition to the agglomeration of some club types in the center of the complex, the rest of the club types cluster in subcenters which gravitate around the center.