【Theory webinar】The Welfare Impact of Market Power: The OPEC Cartel

  • 研討會日期 : 2021-12-10
  • 時間 : 09:00
  • 主講人 : Professor John Asker
  • 主持人 : Professor Hsuan-Chih Lin
  • 地點 : online or Conference Room B110
  • 演講者簡介 : Professor Asker received his Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University in 2004. He is currently a Professor of Economics at University of California, Los Angeles, where he holds the Armen A. Alchian Chair in Economic Theory. He is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. His research interests are Industrial Organization, Antitrust.
  • 演講摘要 : We provide an empirical framework to measure the welfare impact of market power that materializes through coordination of production (i.e. cartel) in the global crude oil market. We leverage unique micro data on cost and production to quantity the dead weight loss and productivity inefficiency due to the OPEC cartel. We introduce a framework that recognizes the likely inter-temporal tradeoff that producers face when setting production levels. We rely on an estimated demand system for oil and we consider a range of counterfactual oil supply functions to quantity the welfare loss due to market power. The counterfactual supply curves imply counterfactual price paths that suggest a sizeable impact of market power on the global oil market. This ogether with the information on field-level costs allows for a model-consistent notion of lost gains from trade due to market power. We find that the welfare impact is large, implying a world-wide revenue tax (on every aspect of economic activity) of about 0.15%, or put differently about 5 trillion USD (in 2014).