【Macro/Finance webinar】The Importance of Beliefs in Shaping Macroeconomic Outcomes

  • 研討會日期 : 2021-09-24
  • 時間 : 09:00
  • 主講人 : Professor Roger Farmer
  • 地點 : online
  • 演講者簡介 : Professor Farmer received his Ph.D. in Economics from University of Western Ontario. He is currently a Professor of Economics at the University of Warwick and an Emeritus Distinguished Professor of Economics at UCLA. His research field is macroeconomics.
  • 演講摘要 : For the past thirty years of the history of macroeconomic thought, the Indeterminacy School of Macroeconomics has used general equilibrium models with indeterminate equilibria to understand the independent role of beliefs in shaping macroeconomic outcomes. In this paper I review the most recent advances in the indeterminacy agenda, Keynesian Search Theory, and I advance that agenda by introducing self-fulfilling beliefs to a Keynesian Search model in two different ways. One variant of the model is driven by an exogenous process for investment expenditure. If investment is exogenous, the only way to restore full employment is by replacing private investment with public investment. The second variant of the model is driven by consumer confidence. If consumer confidence is exogenous, treasury or central bank intervention in the asset markets is a more effective means of restoring full employment than fiscal policy. In either scenario, increased government consumption will not be effective at maintaining full employment in the face of permanently depressed beliefs about the value of private assets.