學術研究

(AEW webinar) Prep School for Poor Kids: The Long-Run Impact of Head Start on Human Capital and Productivity

日期 2020-12-08 (週二)
時間 08:30 AM
地點 Conference Room B110
演講者 Professor Martha Bailey
演講者簡介 Professor Bailey received her Ph.D. in Economics from Vanderbilt University in 2005. She is currently a Professor at University of California, Los Angeles. Her research fields are Demography, Economic History, and Labor Economics.
摘要 This paper evaluates the long-run effects of Head Start using large-scale, restricted 2000-2013 Census-ACS data linked to date and place of birth in the SSA’s Numident file. Using the county-level rollout of Head Start between 1965 and 1980 and state age-eligibility cutoffs for school entry, we find that participation in Head Start is associated with increases in adult human capital and economic self-sufficiency, including a 0.29-year increase in schooling, a 2.1-percent increase in high-school completion, an 8.7-percent increase in college enrollment, and a 19-percent increase in college completion. These estimates imply sizable, long-term returns to investing in large-scale preschool programs.

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